Georgian Christmas The Twelfth Night was still the highlight of the Christmas season and Twelfth Night cake was served.
1714 George 1 established Plum pudding as the main Christmas desert.
Turkey replaced beef on Christmas Day. The working-classes had goose on Christmas Day (cheaper but tougher). Twelfth Night cake was replaced by Christmas cake. 1822 A Visit From Saint Nicholas (by Clement Clark Moore?) was published in America.
It was based on the Dutch view of Saint Nicholas (Sinter Klass) and it introduced him, his sledge and his reindeers to the English-speaking world.
Before that in the UK Father Christmas was identified with Christmas and wore green (as in Dicken’s A Christmas Carol of 1843)
1833 The Factory Act gave two statutory holidays to workers, they were Christmas Day and Good Friday.
William B Sandys’ Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern published in UK. Featured First Noel. Hark the Herald Angels Sing and God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen.
VictorianChristmas C19 Plum pudding replaced by Fruit pudding as the Christmas desert. 1841 Prince Albert added a Christmas Tree (as it was a German Tradition) but the tradition is much older in Northern Europe, The 1846 royal tree is shown here.
1843A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens published. It emphasised a family Christmas as before it was either a a community celebration or church -led. Christmas had declined in C17 onwards due to Puritan opposition.
Henry Cole,introduced world’s first commercial Christmas card. It replaced the traditional Christmas letter.
1846 Christmas cracker invented by Tom Scott a London confectioner. 1847 Poor Law established a Christmas Dinner in the workhouse. 1840s Trend now was to give Christmas gifts instead of New Year presents. 1853 Christmas stockings were popular amongst the working-classes. 1854 Santa Claus introduced into UK in the book Christmas Stocking by Susan Bogert Warner. 1855 Christmas Trees had became popular in middle-class households according to the Lady’s Newspaper. Presents under the Christmas Tree rather than in stockings. 1860s Christmas Pantomimes (from Italian Harliquinade) adapted Nursery Rhymes. Paper decorations replaced greenery. 1863 Christmas cards now being printed. 1870 Halfpenny postage rate boosted Christmas card sales 1870s Christmas paper hats introduced. 1871 The Bank Holidays Act declared St Stephens Day (Boxing Day) a holiday. Christmas Carols Old & New by Bramley & Stainer published
1880 Bishop Benson introduced the Festival of Nine Lessons & Carols at 10pm in order to keep men out of the pubs in Truro Cathedral. It was used by other churches in the UK and overseas. (Kings College Cambridge adopted it in 1918). 1881 Thomas Nast drew Santa Claus as a rotund elderly man with a beard and a red jacket.
1898 Santa Claus film 1890s Electric lights added to Christmas trees (previously lighted candles were used).
EdwardianChristmas 1900 Queen Victoria was still sending presents at New Year rather than Christmas. 1900s Father Christmas and Santa Claus now had merged into a red coated man in the UK
1905 Night Before Christmas film 1910s New Woolworths stores provided affordable toys for the working-classes
Pre-War Christmas 1931 In the US Coca Cola standardise Santa’s appearance in red costume with white fur trimming.
Annual Christmas Message by radio to Britain & Empire started by George V who spoke on BBC Radio after being encouraged by Reith. 1932Santa’s Workshop (Walt Disney) 1935 Christmas broadcast by George V just months before his death in 1936 Christmas in WW2 1941Christmas Under Fire 1942White Christmas - Bing Crosby
1970 Toy of the Year: Sindy. Santa Claus is Back In Town - Elvis Presley 1971 Happy Christmas (War Is Over) - John Lennon UL Happy Christmas TO 1973Merry Christmas Everybody - Slade 1978 Santa Claus is Coming To Town - Bruce Springsteen film 1980 Toy of the Year: Rubic’s cube 1982 Snowman - Raymond Briggs Film
1985 Toy of the Year: Transformers 1987 Fairytale of New York - Pogues and Kirsty MacColl Film 1990 Toy of the Year: Teenage Mutant Turtles 1991 Father Christmas - Raymond Briggs Film 1996 Christmas rush for Buzz Lightyear toy led to a shortage before Christmas.